The Nobel Prize recognizes two scientists who discovered that mature, specialized cells can be reprogrammed to become immature cells capable of developing into all tissues of the body. Their findings have revolutionized our understanding of how cells and organisms develop.
We used to think that human cells become only more and more specialized as an embryo grows in the womb. The research here may lead to stem cell discoveries in the future.
So the winners are in Japan and the United Kingdom. I can tell you that you won’t see any American researchers win, or even be competitive in stem cell research. A great deal of research money comes from the federal government – the National Institutes of Health (NIH) grants are considered golden, but that’s just one of many. The government has limited or prevented any funds to go to stem cell research until recently.